Aviation History of Switzerland


Direkt zum Seiteninhalt

Hauptmenü


07-10-1979-SW-DC-8-HB-ICE-SR316-Athen

GESCHICHTE > FLUGUNFÄLLE > - SWISSAIR

07.10.1979

SWISSAIR

 

Douglas DC-8-62

HB-IDE

       
 

Flug Nr.:

SR 316

Genf - Athen - Peking

   
 

Ort:

Athens-Ellinikon International Airport / Griechenland

Captain :

Fritz Schmutz

 

Todesopfer:

14 (142/12)

 

First Officer:

Martin Deuringer

 

Überlebende:

140

 

Maitre de Cabine:

Fotos der Crew

Passagierliste

 



Ablauf

Ablauf: Swissair Flight 316

Unfall-Zusammenfassung /Accident summary

Date: 7 October 1979
Summary: Runway overrun caused by pilot error
Site: Athens, Greece
Coordinates: 37°52'26?N 23°44'27E
Passengers: 142
Crew: 12
Fatalities: 14
Injuries (non-fatal): 10[1]
Survivors: 140
Aircraft type: Douglas DC-8-62
Aircraft name: Uri
Operator: Swissair
Registration: HB-IDE
Flight origin: Genève-Cointrin Airport
Destination: Athens-Ellinikon International Airport

On 7 October 1979, a Swissair DC-8 crashed while attempting to land at Athens-Ellinikon International Airport. Of the 154 passengers and crew on board, 14 perished in the accident.

Contents

1 The crash
2 Aftermath
3 Cause
4 References
5 External links


The crash

Swissair Flight 316 was an international scheduled passenger service from Geneva, Switzerland to Athens, Greece. The aircraft, named Uri, was piloted by Fritz Schmutz with co-pilot Martin Deuringer.[2]

Flight 316 touched down on runway 15L at a speed of 146 knots (270 km/h; 168 mph). The aircraft decelerated but overran the runway and came to rest on a public road. The left wing and tail separated and fire broke out. 14 of the 142 passengers on board perished.[3] Among the dead were British, German, and French citizens. Of the passengers on board, 100 were doctors on their way to a medical convention in China.[4]

One of Flight 316's survivors was Hans Morgenthau, a professor emeritus from the University of Chicago and expert in International Relations.[5]

Aftermath

After the crash it was learned that the aircraft was transporting over 1,000 pounds (450 kg) of radioactive isotopes and a small amount of plutonium. The plutonium was in the luggage of one of the doctors on board, and was briefly missing in the aftermath of the crash,[5] although it was quickly found.[6] Authorities had firemen and other rescue workers checked for radiation exposure.[7]

The crash destroyed over $2 million worth of industrial diamonds bound for Bombay. Most of the uncut diamonds were found by police, but they were destroyed by the crash's intense heat.[8]

Two days after the crash of Flight 316, Greek authorities charged pilot Fritz Schmutz with manslaughter plus other charges.[9] At a trial in 1983, Schmutz, along with co-pilot Deuringer, were found guilty of multiple charges including manslaughter with negligence, causing multiple bodily injury, and obstructing air traffic, and were sentenced to five and two and a half years in prison respectively.[10] Schmutz and Deuringer were set free on bail while they appealed their sentences.[11] A year after their sentencing, the court ruled Schmutz and Deuringer could substitute fines in place of jail time. Neither pilot had flown since the accident, but they were employed by Swissair.[12]

Cause

The accident investigation determined the causes of the accident were that the crew touched down too far down the runway, at too high a speed, following a non-stabilised approach, and that they failed to properly utilise the aircraft's brake and reverse thrust systems, which resulted in their being unable to stop the aircraft within the available runway and overrun distance.

One member of the Operations team of the Accident Investigation Committee had a different opinion from the rest of the Committee regarding the cause of the accident, stating that he believed the crew failed to realise the touchdown speed and distance, failed to follow the company's poor-braking-action landing technique, and failed to properly utilise the aircraft's brake and reverse thrust systems.[2]

References

1. Pilot charged in 14 aircrash fatalities. Bangor, Maine: Bangor Daily News (UPI). 10 October 1979, p. 34.
2. to: a b Aircraft accident: McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62 HB-IDE Athens-Ellinikon International Airport. Aviation Safety Network, Flight Safety Foundation.
3. 14 die when plane overshoots runway. Spencer, Iowa: The Daily Reporter (UPI). 8 October 1979, p. 5.
4. Plane crash tolls mount. Daytona Beach, Florida: Daytona Beach Morning Journal (AP). 9 October 1979, p. 8B.
5. a b Plutonium missing. St. Joseph, Missouri: St. Joseph Gazette (UPI). 9 October 1979, p. 2A.
6. Recover plutonium from wrecked plane. Warsaw, Indiana: Times-Union (UPI). 9 October 1979, p. 1.
7. Swissair carried isotopes. Bangor, Maine: Bangor Daily News (UPI). 9 October 1979, p. 8.
8. Plane crash ruins cargo of diamonds. Eugene, Oregon: Eugene Register-Guardian (UPI). 10 October 1979, p. 4A.
9. Hope, Keirin. Swissair pilot charged in Athens crash. St. Petersburg, Florida: St. Petersburg Times (UPI). 10 October 1979, p. 14A.
10. Greek court sentences pilots for fatal crash. Ottawa, Ontario: Ottawa Citizen (Reuters). 27 April 1983, p. 6.
11. Swiss pilots freed. Montreal, Quebec: The Montreal Gazette (AP). 28 April 1983, p. A10.
12. Pilots' sentences reduced. Nashua, New Hampshire: Nashua Telegraph (AP). 26 September 1984, p. 3.

Ansichtskarten

Lockheed 9B Orion

Lockheed 9B Orion

Bild anklicken
Hier mehr über die Swissair HB-IDE

Lockheed 9B Orion

Lockheed 9B Orion

Fotos Fremd

Wrack der Douglas DC-8-62, HB-IDE "Uri" nach Bruchlandung in Athen

ETH-Bibliothek Zürich
ETHBIB_Bildarchiv_LBS_SR04-007241_259904

Wrack der Douglas DC-8-62, HB-IDE "Uri" nach Bruchlandung in Athen

ETH-Bibliothek Zürich
ETHBIB_Bildarchiv_LBS_SR04-007242_259905

Wrack der Douglas DC-8-62, HB-IDE "Uri" nach Bruchlandung in Athen

Foto
Unbekannt

Filme

Flugkatastrophe Dürrenäsch

Lockheed 9B Orion

Dokumente / Links

Lockheed 9B Orion

07.10.1979

SWISSAIR

 

Douglas DC-8-62

HB-IDE

       

Home | GESCHICHTE | AVIATIK CH | LUFTWAFFE CH | AIRPORT'S CH | DO-X / ZEPPELIN | AK's VERLEGER | DIVERSES | Sitemap


Zurück zum Seiteninhalt | Zurück zum Hauptmenü